LEARNING

May 7, 2019

Clinical Case Report

Signalment: Pistol, 8-year-old FS Corgi cross. History: Pistol had been attacked by a house-mate about 2 ½ weeks prior to presentation. Owner did not seek treatment initially due to financial constraints and lack of external wounds.  Over the 3 days prior to presentation she had stopped eating and had become progressively more lethargic and a large abscess had ruptured on her back. No major past medical or surgical history. No medications or supplements. Initial Exam: T: 103.5 F (39.6 C)  P:  76bpm  R:  pant GEN: attitude – quiet, alert and responsive. Hydration – mild (6-8%) dehydration. BCS 6/9 EENT: eyes […]
March 7, 2019

Clinical Case Presentation: Canine Fibrocartilagenous Embolism

PATIENT SIGNALMENT: Canine. English springer spaniel. Male, castrated. 11 years old. HISTORY / CLINICAL SIGNS: According to the owner, the patient had been acting normally, running around on the owner’s large property until he suddenly went down and could no longer walk. The patient was brought into a local veterinary clinic immediately once the owner discovered him down outside. PAST HISTORY: Previous left cranial cruciate ligament tear. Otherwise, no previous major medical issues. CURRENT MEDICATIONS: None. Receives monthly heartworm, flea, and tick preventives. PHYSICAL / NEUROLOGICAL EXAM FINDINGS: Acute onset lameness. Non-ambulatory tetraparesis. Non-painful, no hyperpathia noted. Mentation: BAR. Head […]
March 2, 2019

Missing tooth! Why do we need to recommend dental radiographs?

In dogs, we may find that permanent teeth are missing on the oral examination and most often this is an incidental finding. However, this is an important finding, as it may cause problems to the animal. Therefore, complete oral examination and dental radiographs under general anaesthesia are recommended to determine the nature of the problem. Congenitally missing teeth cause no clinical problem to the animal and the reason for a missing tooth is mostly unknown, but may be hereditary. Dental radiographs are needed to confirm the true absence of the teeth (Fig. 1). The tooth can also be missing if […]
February 14, 2019

Same pathologies, a different therapeutic approach. Short introduction to veterinary herbal medicine

KEY POINTS Veterinary allopathic medicine could find an ally in veterinary herbal medicine as long as they are used in a perfect balance Plants are complex drugs and have complex actions Synergy Plant associations enhace the desired effects non-existent side effects Introduction: Over the years, Veterinary Medicine has seen a continuous evolution: new ways of investigations, new medicines and new treatment protocols. However, the faster we evolve, we sometimes forget about the foundation of medicine: elated by the new technologies, we leave behind the importance of how valuable things like anamnesis, palpation, percussion, auscultation and a basic physical check could […]
February 9, 2019

Pancreatic Insulinoma

Insulin-secreting beta cell tumors are also called insulinomas, adenomas, or adenocarcinomas. They arise from the pancreatic islet cells. Although rare in their incidence, insulinomas are the most common pancreatic endocrine tumor reported in dogs. They are rare in cats. Insulinomas are a functional tumor of pancreatic beta cells that causes a decrease in glucose production and an increase in glucose utilization via excessive production of either insulin or proinsulin. Insulin production and release is independent of the normal negative feedback effects of hypoglycemia. This causes: (1)    inhibition of the hepatic enzymes needed for gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis, resulting in decreased glucose release […]
February 9, 2019

Prevalence, Clinical Aspects, Diagnostic Conduct In Immunodeficiency (Fiv) And Leukemia (Felv) Of Domestic Cats

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and Feline leukemia virus are retroviruses that cause two of the most common and important infections in domestic cats (Felis catus). Diseases asscociated with these two entities can affect any organ.(3,7) Due to the immunosuppressive effect, infections with these viruses weaken the immune system of felines, resulting in opportunistic infections and side effects. These infections have a high mortality rate, directly or indirectly, by exacerbating symptoms of other diseases that are associated with these two viral infections.(4) For this study, a number of 197 of cats were tested for FIV and FeLV. The tests were performed […]
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